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このアイテムの引用には次の識別子を使用してください: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/814

タイトル: Hydrophilic iminosugar active-site-specific chaperones increase residual glucocerebrosidase activity in fibroblasts from Gaucher patients
著者: Chang, Hui-Hwa
Asano, Naoki
Ishii, Satoshi
Ichikawa, Yoshitaka
Fan, Jian-Qiang
キーワード: active-site-specific chaperone
drug design
Gaucher disease
glucocerebrosidase
isofagomine
発行日: Sep-2006
出版者: BLACKWELL PUBLISHING
抄録: Gaucher disease is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder caused by the deficient activity of glucocerebrosidase. Accumulation of glucosylceramide, primarily in the lysosomes of cells of the reticuloendothelial system, leads to hepatosplenomegaly, anemia and skeletal lesions in type I disease, and neurologic manifestations in types II and III disease. We report herein the identification of hydrophilic active-site-specific chaperones that are capable of increasing glucocerebrosidase activity in the cultured fibroblasts of Gaucher patients. Screening of a variety of natural and synthetic alkaloid compounds showed isofagomine, N-dodecyl deoxynojirimycin, calystegines A(3), B-1, B-2 and C-1, and 1,5-dideoxy-1,5-iminoxylitol to be potent inhibitors of glucocerebrosidase. Among them, isofagomine was the most potent inhibitor of glucocerebrosidase in vitro, and the most effective active-site-specific chaperone capable of increasing residual glucocerebrosidase activity in fibroblasts established from Gaucher patients with the most prevalent Gaucher disease-causing mutation (N370S). Intracellular enzyme activity increased approximately two-fold after cells had been incubated with isofagomine, and the increase in glucocerebrosidase activity was both dose-dependent and time-dependent. Western blotting demonstrated that there was a substantial increase in glucocerebrosidase protein in cells after isofagomine treatment. Immunocytochemistry revealed an improvement in the glucocerebrosidase trafficking pattern, which overlaps that of lysosome-associated membrane protein 2 in Gaucher fibroblasts cultivated with isofagomine, suggesting that the transport of mutant glucocerebrosidase is at least partially improved in the presence of isofagomine. The hydrophilic active-site-specific chaperones are less toxic to cultured cells. These results indicate that these hydrophilic small molecules are suitable candidates for further drug development for the treatment of Gaucher disease.
URI: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/814
ISSN: 1742-464X
出現コレクション:02001学術雑誌論文

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