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タイトル: Seroprevalence and epidemiology of Toxoplasma gondii in farm animals in different regions of Egypt
著者: Fereig, Ragab M.
Mahmoud, Hassan Y.A.H.
Mohamed, Samy G.A.
AbouLaila, Mahmoud Rezk
Abdel-Wahab, Azza
Osman, Salama Ahmed
Zidan, Sherif Abdallah
El-Khodary, Sabry A.
Mohamed, Adel Elsayed Ahmed
Nishikawa, Yoshifumi
キーワード: Egypt
Seroprevalence
Toxoplasma gondii
Toxoplasmosis
発行日: Jun-2016
出版者: Elsevier
誌名: Veterinary Parasitology: Regional Studies and Reports
巻: 3-4
開始ページ: 1
終了ページ: 6
抄録: Toxoplasmosis is a cosmopolitan protozoan disease that has been recorded in a wide range of vertebrate hosts, including humans. In response to the paucity of available data, this study was undertaken to comprehensively establish the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii among various farm animals in different localities of Egypt. The latex agglutination test and TgGRA7-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were used to screen the investigated animals for anti-T. gondii IgG antibodies. When only samples with simultaneously positive results for both the latex agglutination test and the TgGRA7-based ELISA were considered positive, 174 (26.7%) of 652 serum samples from different animals were seropositive. The prevalence of antibodies according to species was: sheep 38.7%, goats 28.7%, cattle 23.6%, and donkeys 22.6%. Thus, prevalence rate was significantly higher in sheep than in cattle or donkeys. The prevalence was also significantly higher in Kafr El Sheikh than in the other governorates investigated (Qena, Sohag, Minoufiya, and Matrouh). No significant differences were observed in age, sex, locality, or breeding system when evaluated as predisposing factors for T. gondii infection in cattle. In conclusion, this study demonstrates the high prevalence for T. gondii-specific antibodies among different animal species in southern and northern localities of Egypt, and provides valuable new data on the prevalence of T. gondii in donkeys, which are used as a food for carnivorous animals, particularly in the feline family, at Giza Zoo, Egypt.
URI: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/4545
DOI: info:doi/10.1016/j.vprsr.2016.05.002
ISSN: 03044017
権利情報: This accepted manuscript is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives (by-nc-nd) License. <http://creativecommons.org/lisenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/>
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