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このアイテムの引用には次の識別子を使用してください: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/3591

タイトル: インド北部ヒマラヤ山脈西部北斜面チャンタン地域における遊牧民の生業構造についての予備調査 : 遊牧民カルナクパD世帯における食料摂取の事例から
その他のタイトル: Preliminary Survey about the Subsistence of a Nomad in Chantang Area, Northern Slope of West Himalayan Mountain, Northern India : From the Case Study of Food Intake in a D Household of Karnak-pa Nomad
著者: 平田, 昌弘
Hirata, Masahiro
キーワード: 遊牧
乳製品
大麦


有限性
謙虚
高地適応
nomadism
milk products
barley
beans
meat
limitation
modesty
adaptation in high altitude
発行日: 2012
出版者: 京都大学ヒマラヤ研究会
誌名: ヒマラヤ学誌
号: 13
開始ページ: 128-141
抄録: The preliminary nutritional survey on a D household of “Karnak-pa” nomad was conducted in Changtang area, Ladakh region of north India to understand the situation of food intake by the nomads of which subsistence depend only on livestock keeping, not on crop producing, and analyze its characteristics. The characteristics of food intake in the D household are summarized as the following 9 points. 1) The daily food intake is composed by 5 times such us morning cheese-barley soup named as “Tsam thuk”, breakfast, lunch, evening tea/food and dinner. 2) The energy intake of Karnak-pa nomad was supplied by 39.3 % - 45.0 % from self-sufficient foods and 55.0 % - 60.7 % from purchased foods. Although Karnak-pa nomads don’t engage in any agricultural production activities, the more than half amount of their energy intake depends on the purchased foods such us wheat, rice and sugar. Hence, the Karnak-pa nomad depends largely on the local market economy. 3) They seldom take any meat in normal daily life. 4) Since the milk products contribute 32.5 % - 45.7 % of total energy intake to their diet, the intake of milk products is extremely important for their daily food. 5) The amount of wheat intake by the Karnak-pa nomad is 30.1 % - 32.2 % of total energy intake and its intake is also big contribution to their food intake next to the milk products. 6) Although the salty butter tea is always prepared and frequently took by the Karnak-pa nomad, and forms the foundation for their dietary habit, the roasted barley flour isn’t often eaten by them. 7) Because of the rationing system by the Indian government, the intakes of wheat and rice have increased, and contrarily the intake of barley has decreased. 8) The importance of bean contribution into food intake decrease under the situation of enough supply of milk products and the purchase of all agricultural products from local markets. 9) Although the milk products make an important role in fat intake for the Karnak-pa nomad when they couldn’t get enough vegetable oils from markets, excessive fat intake is likely to happen for them in the current situation of easier vegetable oil purchasing. It is understood from the point of the food intake style of D household of “Karnak-pa” nomad who don’t engage in any agricultural activities that the purpose of livestock keeping is not for its meat eating by themselves, but for the milking from their livestock and take milk products for themselves. Here is the essential nature of subsistence, “pastoralism”.
URI: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/3591
ISSN: 09148620
権利情報: 京都大学ヒマラヤ研究会
出現コレクション:00F01学術雑誌論文

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