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このアイテムの引用には次の識別子を使用してください: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/3194

タイトル: 搾乳の開始時期推定とユーラシア大陸乳文化一元二極化説
その他のタイトル: Archaeological estimation of origin of milking in the Eurasian Continent and monism-bipolarization hypothesis
著者: 平田, 昌弘
Hirata, Masahiro
キーワード: 起原
西アジア
乳加工体系
牧畜
冷涼性
発行日: 2011
出版者: 日本酪農乳業史研究会
誌名: 酪農乳業史研究
号: 5
開始ページ: 1-12
抄録: The purpose of this study is to review the origin of animal domestication and milking of domesticated animals and then study the transitional history of milk processing techniques in the Eurasian Continent. Pastoralism, one mode of subsistence, was a result of the invention of milking techniques. As the results, human being could have adapted by using animal products with agricultural products to the land where was more disadvantageous to residential environment. In the history of pastoralism, milking has been considered an important factor concerned with the use of animals as a food resource as well as the management, breeding, and selection of livestock. Stable isotope analysis of fatty acids extracted from archaeological vessels revealed that the milking and milk consumption were already started by seven millennium B.C. at least in West Asia. On the basis of archeological evidence, interregional comparison of existing milk processing systems, and analysis of the physiology and interactive behavior between female animals and their offspring, we propose the monism-bipolarization hypothesis of milk culture in the Eurasian Continent. That is, animal domestication, milking, and milk consumption originated in West Asia and spread to surrounding areas such as Central Asia and South Asia, and then, milking techniques were separately developed in the northern and southern Eurasian Continent. Cream separation, butter oil processing from cream by heating, the use of fermented milk as the solidifying-additive, alcoholic fermented milk producing in the northern Eurasian Continent, and extraction of fat from fermented milk by churning and rennet using as the solidifying-additive in the southern Eurasian Continent were attempted separately. As the next step, we plan to study in detail historical texts in which milk products and ancient milk processing techniques are mentioned and conduct substantive experiments using the information obtained from these texts.
URI: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/3194
権利情報: 日本酪農乳業史研究会
出現コレクション:00F01学術雑誌論文

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