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このアイテムの引用には次の識別子を使用してください: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/2825

タイトル: 畑作物価格政策の展開と品目横断的経営安定対策 : 欧米との比較
その他のタイトル: 畑作物政策と品目横断的経営安定対策 : 欧米との比較
Price policies for upland field crops and the new farrn subsidy scheme for the stabilization of farrn businesses : A comparison of Japan, the EU and the U.S.
著者: 澤田, 学
Sawada, Manabu
発行日: 1-Mar-2007
出版者: 北海道農業経済学会
抄録: On October 27,2005,the Ministry of Agriculture,Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) announced the outline of a new farm subsidy program that incorporates non-product specific farm business stabilization measures (Japanese-style direct payments),which is scheduled to commence in fiscal year 2007. This represents a shift from product specific price support policies embracing all producers,to an income policy with a focus on core farming entities. The purpose of this article is to clarify the characteristics of the new measures through a comparison with the direct payment programs of the United State and European Union (EU) and the examination of the new scheme's consistency with WTO agreements,and to point out the issues regarding the implementation. Some of the Japanese-style direct payments are linked to current production to facilitate the expansion of farm size; hence,they might be subject to some reduction commitments as “amber box" payments under WTO Agriculture Agreement. Moreover,a reduction in the burden on the consumer by this policy shift is not expected since the subsidy will be financed by a surcharge or markup on imports,as it is now,as well as funds from Japan's national budget. Unlike a price support program,it is clear how much of a subsidy an entity receives under a direct payment program. Thus,MAFF is accountable to consumers and taxpayers for the introduction and effects of these new measures. Finally,it is necessary under the new farm subsidy scheme for farm organizations,such as the Hokkaido Union of Agricultural Cooperatives,to effectively provide a supply management function for upland field crops so as not to lose the trust of the markets by having a surplus or shortage.
記述: 2005年度秋季大会シンポジウム 本文タイトルに誤りあり
URI: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/2825
ISSN: 09189742
出現コレクション:00F01学術雑誌論文

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