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タイトル: PREVALENCE OF CUTANEOUS LEISHMANIASIS IN PARTS OF KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA
著者: Okwori, E. N. A.
Nock, I. H.
Galadima, M.
Ibrahim, S.
キーワード: Cutaneous leishmaniasis
Leishmania tropica
L. major
Phlebotomus (Phlebotomus) duboscqui
Amastigote
発行日: Apr-2001
出版者: National Research Center for Protozoan Diseases
誌名: The Journal of Protozoology Research
巻: 11
号: 1-2
開始ページ: 32-46
抄録: A cross-sectional survey of 29 randomly selected schools, comprising 11 (37.9%) post-primary schools and 18 (62.1%) primary schools from eight Local Government Areas (LGAs) (approximately 35% of the 23 LGAs) of Kaduna State was undertaken to determine the prevalence status of cutaneous leishmaniasis between May and October, 1997. The disease occurrence was detected by on-sight diagnosis of active lesions and scars, and observed leishmanial cases were recorded for patients who gave description of symptoms that fitted into clinical symptoms of cutaneous leishmaniasis. The recorded cases were confirmed by parasitological examination of Giemsa-stained lesion smears for amastigotes in the laboratory. The Chi-square analysis of the result revealed that there was no significant difference (P>0.05) in the point prevalence (PP) rates (number with active lesions) between the males (3.8% of 6,104) and the females (4.0% of 4,122). Similarly, the overall prevalence (OP) rate (number with both scars and active lesions) in the state was estimated at 6.8% (697), and there was no significant difference (P>0.05) observed between the males (6.4% of 6,104) and females (7.5% of 4,122). The point prevalence rate was higher in the younger age-groups (6-9, 10-12, 13-15 years old) than in the older one (16-18 years old) while the overall prevalence and lifetime prevalence (LTP) (number with scars only) decreased with age. It was also noted that the diagnostic efficiency of the on-sight clinical screening tests and that of the parasitological examination of lesion smears compares favourably well. The results of this study have indicated that the prevalence of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Kaduna State is high enough to consider the state endemic for the disease, and that with experience the on-sight case detection of leishmanial lesions can be dependably applied as a rapid diagnostic method for cutaneous leishmaniasis in field research.
URI: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/136
ISSN: 0917-4427
出現コレクション:05001学術雑誌論文

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